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First Aid for Eye Injuries

Eyes are very sensitive part of our body. Sometimes eye injuries can occur in many places whether it’s in home or office or outside or even while playing sports. It’s always advisable to take medical help consult your ophthalmologist or family doctor or go nearby hospital emergency immediately as soon as possible. You need to do first aid for eye injuries which can help to prevent your eyes more damage or further complication or even loss of vison.

The above are common types of eye injury which different types of first aid can be administer for varied eye injuries.

1. Blows to the Eye :

A Blow to Eye is occurred in as being hit by a fist, elbow or ball. Minor blows can often be managed at home but if hits by Ball or hard Hit can be a Major injury rushed to hospital by emergency. Any eye injury should be monitored for signs of a serious injury or potential infection.

First aid :

  • Gently apply an ice cold compress on eyes immediately 5- to 10-minutes to reduce pain and prevent swelling.
  • Do not place ice directly on the skin. Instead, use a cloth in between the ice and skin.
  • After 24 hours, switch to warm compresses. This will help lessen bruising.
  • A black eye or blurred vision could signal internal eye damage which you seek immediate medical help examine the eye for potential damage.
  • If the trauma was significant with vision changes or visible abnormalities, bleeding or even persistent pain you will need to go to an emergency for immediate evaluation.

2. Specks in the Eye :

Specks can be tiny small pieces of debris , small pieces of grit, wood or metal getting in the eye or even small speck of dust fall in your eyes. No treatment is needed until you are certain the eye cannot remove the object by itself. Local anaesthetic drops are used to numb your eye before any objects are removed.

First aid care :

  • Never rub your eye.
  • First try by lifting your upper lid down over your lower lid allowing the lashes to brush the speck from the inside of the upper lid.
  • Blink a few times and flush your eyes generously with water and let the eye move the particle out.
  • If the speck remains, keep the eye closed and seek doctor follow-up.

3.Cuts of the Eye and Lid :

Any type of cuts or puncture wounds on the eye or lid such as cuts from glass or projectiles flung from tools, especially when hammering or using power tools .

First aid care :

  • Do not attempt to wash the eye or lid.
  • Never apply pressure and be careful not to rub the eye.
  • If there is an object embedded in your eye, do NOT remove it. Doing so can cause further damage.
  • Bandage the eye by covering the eye securely tape it lightly.

4.Chemical Burns :

Chemicals such as cleaning liquids common at home or in the workplace can easily get splashed into your eyes. It is important to wear safety glasses when handling toxic or abrasive chemicals have caution while using household cleaners to prevent any injury.

First aid care :

  • Remain calm and keep your eyes open flush the eye with water for immediately.
  • Put your eye under a faucet or by pouring water from a clean container gently,  continuously for at least 15 minutes.
  • Roll the eyeball around as much as possible.
  • Don’t use an eye cup or bandage the eye and consult the medical help.
  • Must also give information of the name and type of chemical if possible.

Other Injuries :

The other Eye injuries also includes  the above ;

Scratches and Abrasions – Injuries caused from  fingernails or tree branches
Radiation Exposure –  Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or sun lamps.
Contact Lens –  Wearing contact lenses incorrectly can also injure your eyes, particularly if they don’t fit properly or if they’re dirty, or been worn for too long.

Steps to Prevention of Eye Injuries :

Many eye injuries are preventable if you take appropriate safety precautions which are suited/ required for doing particular work.

  • Always remember Prevention is better and key to maintaining good vision.
  • Remember, always to wear spectacles, sunglasses, safety glasses, googles and shields to protect your eyes.
  • Wear eye safety gear and helmets as appropriate when participating in sports.
  • Wear proper eye protection, and take special care while working with chemical or power tools or hobbies involving small pieces of material.
  • You should also follow instructions on the safe and hygienic use of contact lenses.
  • Wash your hands after using any chemicals so that you do not accidentally rub them into your eyes.

Note : After eye injury to prevent from Infections you may be prescribed a course of antibiotic ointment or eye drops for a week which are rare or uncommon. But if infection occurs it can be potentially be very serious.


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