Premenstrual syndrome or PMS refers the medical condition that combination of physical, emotional, psychological fluctuations that affects 90% of women least once in their menstruation age.
The mood changes and fluctuations in health have been showing its symptoms in women since ancient times and is officially recognized it as “premenstrual syndrome” in 1950’s. Though the causes are not exactly found to PMS but the symptoms occur just before the menstrual period.
[divider]Symptoms of PMS[divider]
Premenstrual syndrome symptoms show up prior to the periods as the name indicates occur 5 to 11 days before periods occurrence. And once menstruation starts the symptoms stops automatically and this cyclic occurrence of these symptoms and their severity appears with the consistent and predictable relationship with the menses cycle of women in childbirth age.
The symptoms commonly include physical and emotional disorders and the severity varies from one to one. The
physical symptoms include
- Headache / migraines, fatigue
- Severe Weight loss or weight gain
- Changes in appetite and food carvings
- Tenderness, swelling and pain in breasts
- Indigestion, bloating, diarrhoea or constipation trobles
- Joint pains, nervous tension, swelling of nerves
- Acne and dark circles formation
- Abdominal pain and sensitivity to sound and light
Psychological symptoms shows
- Mood swings and irritation
- Anxiety, depression and anger
- Tension, over sensitivity and crying
- Sleep disturbances might be over sleeping or insomnia conditions
- Exaggerated mood swings
- Sadness and emotional outbursts
[divider]Causes of PMS[divider]
There are no exact causes for premenstrual syndrome but the wide ranging symptoms developed some advanced theories explaining the reasons behind this trouble. Though none of them shown clinical proof but the theories suggests that PMS is occurred due to the alterations in sex hormones like estrogen, androgen and progesterone and the brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. And number of studies showed that PMS does not appear to be specifically associated with any personality factors or personality types.
[divider]Diagnosis of PMS[divider]
The diagnosis for premenstrual syndrome is not easy as it involves various symptoms linking with other diseases. The most helpful diagnostic tool is keeping a menstrual dairy mentioning all the psychological and physical symptoms for months. And the changes continuously in the dairy during the ovulation period or after the two weeks of menstruation and stops with the menstruation flow are the accurate diagnosis for the PMS.
The diagnosis of PMS can be difficult because many medical and psychological conditions can mimic or worsen symptoms of PMS. There are no blood or laboratory tests to determine if a woman has PMS. When laboratory tests are performed, they are used to exclude other conditions that can mimic PMS.
[divider]Medications for PMS[divider]
There are various medications to cure premenstrual syndrome which is more included to balance the hormonal variations in the body in order to cure the difficulties. Medications for premenstrual syndrome includes
- Oral contraceptives
- Drugs suppressing ovarian function
- Pain killers